What is Machine Translation Post-Editing (MTPE)?
Machine Translation Post-Editing (MTPE) is the process whereby humans edit machine translated text. Translators are commonly called a post-editor who handle this language editing process. Post-editing involves the correction of machine translation output to ensure that it meets a level of quality negotiated in advance between the client and the post-editor. The concept of post-editing is linked to pre-editing. In the process of translating a text via machine translation, the best results are gained by pre-editing the source text. Pre-editing is the process where a human edits a document before applying machine translation. Pre-editing should facilitate the process of machine translation by checking spelling and grammar, avoiding complex or ambiguous syntactic structure, and verifying term consistency. The main goal of pre-editing is by adapting the source document to improve the raw output of machine translation to reduce the post-editing workload. By applying the principles of controlled language, it increases the accuracy and quality of MTPE. Ideally after post-editing is finished the text should be verified to ensure quality, free of mistakes.
MTPE is developing as the optimal solution for various industries and business translation projects. Practically all computer assisted translation (CAT) tools now support post-editing of machine translated output. In recent years, MTPE comes with a variety of tools that make the life of post-editors easier. The first of these is translation memory (TM), which is a database of previously translated segments. If a segment stored in the translation memory (TM) appears in the source text again, the MT will automatically fill in the corresponding target segment for the post-editor to review. Another distinct feature is the term base, which is a manually entered list of bilingual terms for a specific industry or subject. These term bases are especially great for post-editors to assist them in the translation process. Also, in cases where multiple post-editors are working on a project it enables them to keep certain terms consistent throughout multiple translations. Another useful feature is a Quality Assurance (QA) tool, which helps spot any errors or inaccuracies that may have been overlooked in the post-editing process. QA tools are meant to ensure that the translation output is high-quality. Last but not least is data privacy protection. It’s best to opt for a customized MT engine—built using data provided by the proprietor company—instead of using commercial public MT engines.
What are the advantages of MTPE?
MTPE is used as a business strategy for translation with three main factors: time, cost, and quality. The delivery term for a project, the budget available, and the desired level of quality are all variables that influence a manager’s decision for their MTPE projects. MTPE combined with the post-editor’s experience and fine-tuning of data, it can offer companies these advantages:
-Reduce time spent by increasing translation efficiency resulting in quicker deliveries
-Reduce translation cost
-Increase consistency in translation comparable to purely human translation
-Large volumes handled in less time while maintaining adequate quality
-Accelerate distribution of multilingual products (time-to-market)
To ensure these advantages, MTPE needs to be continuously optimized to guarantee all the benefits mentioned above. For MTPE to work, a coherent translation process needs to be integrated professionally applying equally fundamental and interdependent factors. We recommend that you choose MTPE knowing and accepting the balance between time, cost, and quality. MTPE is advantageous if you want to translate high volumes of documents in a short period of time, but you may sacrifice on the overall quality of your translation. You must decide what to prioritize. You must choose but choose wisely.
What are the best practices for MTPE?
Here are some of the best practices for MTPE:
-Pre-editing is recommended where linguists check the source text before it is machine translated. Linguists should make sure the source text is error-free of spelling and grammar mistakes, consistent with terminology, and comprehensible throughout the document.
-Provide your MT engine with relevant term bases and glossaries. MTPE is more efficient with industry-specific terminology and reference data. This is especially the case for technical translations and other niche fields. The results of data-driven neural machine translation are much easier to edit. This helps the post-editor immensely.
-Post-editors should be educated not to under-edit or over-edit. Under-editing, or insufficient editing, runs the risk of ending up with an inadequate translation. Post-editors must make sure no information in the source text is left out in the translation. By contrast, over-editing like making preferential or stylistic edits that aren’t necessary, risks deviating from the source text. Additionally, the translation shouldn’t include information absent in the source text. It is okay if the output of MTPE feels less natural than human translation considering it delivers the original meaning properly. If the translation is correct overall and the meaning is comprehensible it’s best to leave it there.
-Utilize a Translation Management System (TMS) for better consistency. Using a TMS for post-editing provides a process of analysis that involves all relevant parties such as the pre-editor of the source text, the post-editor, and the manager. Feedback can be funneled through a TMS such as comments on the quality of machine translation, common mistakes, and frequent mistakes. This can be used to improve the accuracy of MT and make post editing projects efficient. Setting up a system for this type of review and feedback enables clients to improve their custom MT engine over time, which leads to improvements for the future.
What is ISO 18587:2017?
ISO 18587:2017provides requirements for the process of full, human post-editing of machine translation output and post-editors' competences. ISO 18587:2017 is intended to be used by LSPs, their clients, and post-editors. It is only applicable to content processed by MT systems.
In 2017, ISO 18587:2017 requirements were published and became visible proof to the certification of the post-editing standard. It demonstrates standardized quality processes, comprehensively transparent project procedures, including personal consultation, adjustment of the processes and the highest level of data protection. LSPs must apply the same high-quality standards to MTPE projects as they do to regular specialized translations. Post-editing is defined as light and full post-editing in the context of the European Commission Translation Service.
The first approach light post-editing is where MTPE only focuses on the essentials such as grammar, spelling, and translation accuracy. Light post-editing aims at making the output simply understandable. Light post-editing implies minimal intervention by the post-editor, with the aim of ensuring quality is "good enough" and "understandable"; the expectation is that the client will use it for inbound purposes only, often when the text is needed urgently, or has a short delivery term.
The second approach is full post-editing, where the editor will focus not only on the essentials but also take the time at making it stylistically appropriate and consistent throughout, additionally focusing on details like whether all expressions are localized. The expectation of full post-editing is the outcome will be a translation that is understandable, stylistically appropriate, used for assimilation and dissemination, and for inbound and outbound purposes. The quality is expected to be publishable and equivalent to that of a human translation. Full post-editing involves a greater level of intervention to achieve a degree of quality which needs to be negotiated between client and post-editor.
idioma® offers its ISO 18587:2017 certified MTPE service to many of its clients. We provide a customized neural machine translation engine to increase the quality of MT output which requires less post-editing effort. We use our translation management system (TMS) and computer-assisted translation (CAT) tool where post-editing entries, speed and linguistic quality assessment results of the post-edited texts can be compared. This tracking and measuring mechanism built in our MTPE environment increases efficiency and improves quality. To satisfy our clients requests we incorporate the best guidelines for MTPE while carefully evaluating the clients’ necessities to execute an optimal solution. We thoroughly explain the cost and benefits involved when deciding together with our clients on MTPE. With the proper tools, practices, and mindset in place, post-editing can be an alternative to traditional translation. idioma® ensures the highest standards with its MTPE translation services.
If you have any questions about MTPE or would like a translation quote, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
What is a Translation Management System (TMS)?
A translation management system (TMS) is a type of software for automating the human language translation process. TMS are designed to support and coordinate translation projects. This includes project management, workflow management, translation memory (TM) management, invoicing, data storage and other various features to assist project managers, translators, and enterprises. The idea of a TMS is to automate all repeatable and non-essential work that can be done, leaving only the creative work of translation and review to be done by the translators. When translating a large amount of content, it becomes difficult to manage the many different languages and dialects. A TMS helps businesses organize and manage translations allowing all parties to work collaboratively. A TMS helps coordinate and streamline translation projects to all participants as if they are working together in the same office. It allows enterprises to centralize the management of localization workflows. This involves several collaborators enabling them to work simultaneously without geographical restrictions. Most translation projects require multiple translators from different locations around the world. A TMS greatly simplifies the complexity that comes with coordinating translation projects.
Why use a TMS?
The traditional way for managing translation projects were spreadsheets and email. This method works but a translation project manager has limited capacity. As the number of translation projects continue to grow while considering factors such as larger volume, tighter deadlines, and detailed specifications creates a layer of complexity for translation project managers adding to its difficulty. If managed manually, complex translation workflows become time-consuming and lead to an increased number of errors. Managing every task while communicating to multiple parties becomes burdensome. Traditionally when organizations reached this point, they would hire more staff to cope with the outgrowth. In the long run though this increases costs making a TMS a viable option to consider. A TMS is a system designed to manage these workflows to concentrate on localization and translation of language assets. It greatly aids the management of translated assets at scale. With a TMS, organizations can boost productivity and reduce costs by centralizing linguistic assets, automating processes and monitoring workflows.
For example, every participant in the workflow receives a notification of a new translation project, and a unique number is assigned to every project so that every task is traceable. Project managers, translators and enterprises work together communicating through the system. All tasks are tracked and monitored within the system making it easy to manage translation projects. After the translation project is finished and approved, the translation memory (TM) is stored for later reuse. Deliveries of the translated materials are typically done through a TMS directly to enterprises for publishing. Translation management systems increase productivity and efficiency of business administration, process management, and data management.
What are the benefits of a TMS?
Management of translation assets and content updates
When an organization produces content in multiple languages, linguistic data needs to be properly stored, managed, and shared. A TMS enables the consolidation and management of assets (translation memories, term bases, etc.) in a single system. The difficulty with management is that more content means more translation. The task of managing a translation project becomes labor intensive when the volume of text increases. A TMS removes repetitive manual labor involved in translation management. A TMS automates much of the translation process to enable scalability, no matter how much content needs to be translated.
Translators and project managers carry out repetitive, time-consuming tasks daily. A TMS enables customized workflows and the automation of tasks that saves valuable time. It can help with handling and exchange of multiple files making document management easier. To automate further many of the TMS available have integrations for common content management systems, eCommerce solutions, and help desks. These centralized integrations make deployment of new language translations effortless.
Project tracking is an important feature to any project manager. Translation progress can be monitored in real time, and alert users as translations finish. Translation workflow is displayed from start to finish with all tasks included in the translation project. A TMS centralizes all tasks and crucial information assisting project managers with translation progress and delivery term assessment. Translation management systems allow for custom workflows and automation procedures targeted to each of your clients’ needs and personalities.
A TMS provides efficient real-time communication and collaboration for translators and enterprises working on the same project. A TMS can prioritize valued content. While CAT tools increase efficiency and convenience of the translation process, TMS go a step further to allow users to maintain brand identity by helping to ensure the translated content is contextualized. A TMS gives more visibility to organizations with quality reports and statistics on each translation project to create better products. Some TMS have integrated analytics and reporting, allowing clients to see the direct ROI impact of localization efforts.
How to choose a TMS?
What you choose depends on what you want from a TMS such as:
-Large volume of content that needs to be managed
-Multiple languages and regions that need to be managed
-Multiple platforms that require translation (e.g., manuals, websites, smartphone apps)
-Multiple parties collaborating on a translation project
-Requirements regarding brand vision, identity, and style
Considering the number of translations, languages, regions, locations, collaborators, and guidelines regarding your brand, you should decide from a low-cost solution to a high end comprehensive TMS with extensive features.
Choose a TMS which fits best to your budget and organizational needs.
TMS + idioma®
At idioma® we realized the importance of TMS early on. In 1997 we developed our TMS called the Traffic Control System (TC). Currently, TC6 (version 6) is our TMS, which operates in our cloud-hosted servers where our project managers can manage translation projects and communicate with our translators and clients from anywhere at any time. TC6 helps our project managers to easily manage large scale to small custom translation projects ensuring that every task is attended to with the greatest care. TC6 enables our project managers to manage timelines and requirements fitted to the client's needs and objectives.
At idioma® we analyze each client’s requirements to customize the best solution for their translation projects.
If you have any questions about TMS or would like a translation quote, please contact us at email@example.com.
What is Technical Translation?
What is Technical Translation?
Technical translation is specialized translation involving the translation of documents (owner's manuals, user guides, etc.), which relate to various technological fields. The texts typically consist of scientific and technological information. Technical translation requires a high level of subject knowledge and mastery of the relevant terminology and writing conventions. Having knowledge of both the linguistic features and aesthetic features of translation applies directly to the field of technical translation. Though technical translation is only one subset of the different types of professional translation, it is the largest subset as far as output is concerned. Currently, more than 90% of all professionally translated work is done by technical translators. This highlights the importance and significance of the field.
Terminology & Meaning
Technical documents often contain terminology with specific meanings. It’s essential that the correct terminology is used consistently throughout. The terminology required for technical translation is complex. Effective technical translation takes more than knowing the correct meaning of the terms in the target language. A technical translator must understand cultural nuances in the target language to communicate the information in the right tone, as well as being accurate. This is extremely important. For example, what may be the right way to give instructions in one language may come across rude in another. Sometimes accuracy means more than simply communicating the idea correctly. A simple error in terminology like this could result in a company’s failure to acquire a new target market. To prevent these errors a technical translator must understand the nuances of the market while being an expert in the required industry.
From Globalization to Specific Cultures
Technical translation involves understanding how globalization has influenced different cultures across the world. As technology advanced it created easier and faster means of communication where the world became a global community. The need to communicate with people from multiple language backgrounds have grown and continue to. The technical translator must be culturally diverse with varying languages, influences, and media preferences to be professionals in the field of technical communication. As technology makes intercultural and international communication easier, the technical translator must understand intercultural relations as it relates to ethics. A professional must avoid stereotyping and ethnocentrism in technical communication and translation. Ambiguous language not only shows problems with a universal writing style for technical translation, but also reiterates how culture plays an important role in proper technical translation. Technical translators must avoid assumptions about a culture and allow their own knowledge base to consider more diverse populations creating more effective cross-cultural communication not only when working with risky environments, but in general communication as well.
Why is Technical Translation Important?
As every marketing professional knows, the way your customers see your brand is everything. By making the effort to have technical documents accurately translated, it shows a level of respect and care for your customers that will only be reciprocated. Brands have spent time and effort cultivating themselves in their home country. They want to be certain that their brand image is translated properly. A professional technical translator ensures this happens, guaranteeing that the brand image is communicated meaningfully with careful accuracy. We at idioma® have been technical translation experts for 40+ years. We will continue to be a bridge for better communication across international borders.
Need an expert technical translator? Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
What is Neural Machine Translation (NMT)?
Neural machine translation (NMT) uses machine learning and an artificial neural network to perform language translation. It predicts the likelihood of a sequence of words, typically modeling entire sentences in a single integrated model.
Let's deep dive into NMT and how it can streamline translation processes.
How neural machine translation works
Neural machine translation (NMT) automatically converts source text in one language to target text in another language.
Unlike traditional statistical machine translation (SMT) models, NMT only requires a fraction of the memory. Furthermore, unlike conventional translation systems, all parts of the neural translation model are trained jointly (end-to-end) to maximize the translation performance.
With the power of Neural Machine Translation (NMT) and available public translation platforms, users can generate instant translations with little to no customization. To increase accuracy the terminology can be tailored based on the context, category, style, and target audiences.
Neural machine translation vs. professional human translation
We believe that NMT is an unconditional part of today's translation process. NMT combined with translation memories is the most helpful tool for professional translators to increase efficiency and output. It's basically impossible to scale the translation business without NMT nowadays.
Professional translators are tasked with NMT post-editing to make sure the translation is natural and fits the context accurately for target audiences. To control translation quality effectively, translators can rely on mandatory QA checks and QA operators. Quality output is achieved through this collaboration of artificial intelligence, language professionals, and QA procedures, resulting in a hybrid translation process.
Neural machine translation for everybody?
NMT is broadly available to the public using cloud services on platforms, servers, or via software integration using an API. Users can utilize independent or open-source machine translation systems to build their very own NMT system. If a corpus of source and target texts in two languages are provided a neural language model can be established.
In combination with CAT tools users can provide live translation suggestions to professional translators while improving suggestion quality learning from the sentences previously chosen.
Data is key. It is essential to create an effective NMT network.
Public machine translation platforms and why NOT use them
We strongly advise our clients to use an on-site machine translation engine. Public machine translation (MT) platforms are often open and shared, and the translations are not always kept confidential.
For example, the NMT platform of idioma® runs inside our corporate network with no external access. Our cloud solution uses data encryption to avoid data leakage and we can guarantee the data never reach the public.
Currently, NMT is the most advanced translation solution. It can produce adequate translations fast and, with the help of professional translators, it can generate quality output. Free public MT engines are practical but have their limits. We believe that to use public NMT platforms in a satisfactory manner, the next level of development, adaptation, and security is necessary.
Neural machine translation solution at idioma®
Our IT developers built a flexible NMT service based on idioma®'s 40 years of experience in the translation industry.
We provide many options integrated with our NMT solution:
- Data selection: manually or automatically choose appropriate data to feed the solution from your corpora or our corpora to best fit your translation projects.
- Data cleaning: edit or remove data to increase the quality and efficiency of your NMT
- Neural domain adaptation: tuning neural networks to individually fit specific translation content
- Terminology management: terminology, DNT, and tag control.
Neural Machine Translation (NMT) is moving faster than ever before. And we aim to provide our clients and partners with the latest techniques and solutions available.
Do you have any questions on NMT or would like a translation quote?
Please contact us at email@example.com.
Why is Quality Assurance (QA) important?
Quality assurance (QA) is a way of preventing mistakes, defects, and avoiding problems when delivering services to customers. It is the systematic measurement, comparison with a standard, monitoring of processes and an associated feedback loop that confers error prevention. ISO 9000 defines QA as "part of quality management focused on providing confidence that quality requirements will be fulfilled".
Translation without QA is risky
Quality assurance for translation comprises administrative and procedural activities implemented in a quality system so that requirements and goals for the service will be fulfilled. If QA is not implemented properly mistakes made in the process are left in your translation. It is like having your final product with defects.
These defects are published and shared to your audience such as existing and potential customers. A poor translation can have a negative impact on your product, become an embarrassment to your brand, and decrease your sales. Misuse with a poor translation could lead to an accident becoming a product liability lawsuit.
QA in your translation process
As a given, to be ISO 9001:2016 and ISO 17100:2015 certified are critically important for QA. We at idioma® are certified with both and adhere to its practices and procedures.
To further the QA process, we have developed CrossCheck® a comprehensive QA software that checks for errors while our translator’s work. CrossCheck® functions from beginning to end of the translation process to check for potential errors and fix actual mistakes. CrossCheck® is integrated to our CAT tool iQube to systematically manage the QA process.
What is CrossCheck®
CrossCheck® is our QA software which detects any text with possible mistakes during the translation, verification, and our custom in-house checking process.
If actual mistakes are found, we categorize them and create error statistics to provide structured feedback to everyone. This maintains our high level of competence and encourages translators to learn and improve from their work. Translators can improve the accuracy, terminology, language use, and consistency in their translations.
We believe QA is a key component for every translation project to deliver the best translations.
What is a CAT tool?
Computer-aided translation (CAT) is the use of software to assist human translators during the translation process. The translation is created by a human, and certain aspects of the process are facilitated by software - specifically the actual translation process itself...
How CAT tools work
Most CAT tools can translate a variety of source file formats in a single editing environment, integrate translation memories, and combine various utilities to increase the translation process productivity. CAT tools extract text from documents and present them as segments. These segments are worked on by a translator and stored in a database, known as translation memory (TM). TM benefits translators because they can reuse translations done before.
A CAT tool is nor a human translator, neither a machine translation tool.
It is a database-driven software program that facilitates translations to assist human translators during the translation process. The user controls the tool and is responsible for reviewing the translated output. The effectiveness of the CAT tool really depends on the skill of the translator using it. To fully utilize a CAT tool's functionality takes experience.
In recent years, with the breakthrough in AI technology, CAT tools can incorporate machine translation (MT) to generate draft translations. This enables the translator to focus on post-editing (PE) instead of translating from scratch. Machine translation (MT) can be added optionally with human intervention (e.g. pre-editing and post-editing). CAT tools are a convenient way to increase efficiency, consistency, reduce errors, and increase processing speed, especially for large-scale projects.
CAT tools that proved through experience
At idioma® we developed our own cloud-hosted translation platform called iQube.
All our expert translators work in iQube that is tightly integrated with our QA software CrossCheck®. All translation projects are produced through iQube undergoing mandatory QA checks for every segment. Translators from around the world work in idioma's translation platform via cloud-hosted servers. We make sure client data is securely protected.
Need to hire a translation service provider? We have 40 years of experience.
We use our in-house CAT tool to its fullest potential to provide excellent translations.
Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Why translation providers should be ISO certified
The translation industry is unregulated in many countries. Translators can claim they are professionals and provide their services. For a translation buyer, this becomes a potential risk. How do you know if you’re working with a true professional?
International Quality Standards in Translation Services
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations. They define requirements and outline best practices to enable businesses in any industry to consistently offer fit-for-purpose products or services. The two ISO standards that are the most relevant to translation providers would be:
- ISO 17100:2015 - Requirements for translation services
- the general ISO 9001 standard for Quality management systems
Why translation providers should conform to ISO17100:2015
ISO 17100:2015 provides requirements for the core processes, resources, and other aspects necessary for the delivery of a quality translation service that meets applicable specifications.
A translation service provider (TSP) can demonstrate the conformity of specified translation services to ISO 17100:2015 and the capability of its processes and resources to deliver a translation service that will meet the applicable quality specifications and expectations.
Many companies and organizations partner with translation service providers to avoid language and culture pitfalls that can be costly and sometimes irreparable. ISO 17100:2015 certifies that there is a qualified multidisciplinary team behind each project, working within an established workflow and in a safe environment.
Why translation providers should conform to ISO9100:2016
ISO 9001:2016 Quality Management System (QMS) provides a quality management framework that companies can use to ensure the quality of their products and services is consistent. This reduces the chance of product faults and recalls or service shortcomings.
It ensures that customers can buy with confidence.
ISO 9001:2016 certification demonstrates an organization’s ability to consistently meet and exceed customer expectations. Many clients require their suppliers to be ISO 9001 certified to minimize their risk of purchasing a poor product or service.
A business that achieves ISO 9001:2016 certification can attain significant improvements in organizational efficiency and product quality by minimizing waste and errors and increasing productivity.
Rely on a certified translation provider
Translation services of idioma® adhere to ISO 9001:2016 and ISO 17100:2015 standards which guarantee our clients get the quality and satisfaction they deserve.
We believe translation requires a systematic approach that includes detailed steps from translation, editing, verification, and strict quality control, to timely delivery. We ensure that the content and context of our translation align with the client’s expectations every time.
Do you have any questions on ISO or would like to request a translation quote?
Please contact us at email@example.com.
Language facts: Bosnian
Bosnian is a variant of Serbo-Croatian. It is the official language in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as Montenegro and a native language of a little over 2 million people.
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina officially has three languages: Bosnian, Croatian and Serb. All three languages are mutually understandable. For various reasons, Bosnian is in wide use throughout the Balkans. The Serbo-Croatian concept, as well as the separate variants of the language (Serb, Croatian, Bosnian), was in fact based on the most wide-spread dialect in the area, the Shtokavian one from Eastern Herzegovina.
Bosniak is (not) Bosnian
It is not uncommon for Bosnian being also referred to as Bosniak. This is actually one of many things considered controversial on the Balkan Peninsula – while Bosnians insist the only correct name for their language is Bosnian, the Croats and Serbs insist on Bosniak being used to refer to the language within the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Bosnian as a term to include also Bosnian Croats and Serbs living outside of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It went even as far as Serbs refering to the Bosnian language as "the Language spoken by Bosniaks" in official documents, only to not having to recognize the language at all. Symbols and details really do matter in these lands, and based on previous experience, it won't be easy to overcome these disputes (mainly if the tensions are being deliberately encouaged, as seen in latest efforts in destabilizing Bosnian society through stirring debate about the Republika Srpska national day in 2018, etc.).
Internationally and within the language and translation industry, as well as here at idioma, the recognized name is Bosnian, though.
Not interested elites, no codified language
Since the 1990s, Bosnian has developed considerably, integrating literary traditions from the 20th century and adopting loan words from the Islamic and Oriental worlds. Arabic, Persian and Ottoman words differentiate the Bosnian version of Serbo-Croatian vocabuly from its siblings noticably, due to the religious ties with the Islamic world. In fact, due to this close bond of the Bosnian elite to Oriental cultures and lack of true emancipation of the Bosnians, the language failed to be codified in the 19th century, unlike Serbian and Croatian.
Bosnian originally used the Cyrillic alphabet, but today also the Latin alphabet is in use due to the influence of Serbo-Croatian when Bosnia was part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Both alphabets are equal, but Cyrillic is used increasingly less today. Cyrillic, however, has greatly influenced the development of the Bosnian language and remains a link to the past. Latin
A B C Č Ć D Dž ĐE F G H I J K Lj M N Nj O P R S Š T U V Z Ž
a b c č ć d dž đ e f g h I j k l lj m n nj o p r s š t u v z ž
А Б Ц Ч Ћ Д Џ Ђ Е Ф Г Х И Ј К Л Љ М Н Њ О П Р С Ш Т У В З Ж
а б ц ч ћ д џ ђ е ф г х и ј к л љ м н њ о п р с ш т у в з ж
REPORT: idioma @ DMS 2018 in Tokyo and Automatica 2018 in Munich
At the end of June, both the Japanese and European sales teams of idioma went out to the world to talk about our translation services.
idioma @ DMS 2018 in Tokyo
Our Japanese sales team managed our booth at the 29th Design Engineering & Manufacturing Solutions Expo (DMS) in Tokyo. Held inside Manufacturing World Japan 2018, DMS is Japan’s largest exhibition gathering all kinds of IT solution providers and attracting professionals looking to buy IT solutions for their business. This year, both the number of participants and visitors increased in comparison with the previous year. We talked to many people who were interested not just in translation and QA services, but also in our terminology management solutions, and free online services such as the language query portal Ask!, Stream for instant translation estimates, and NextDoc for convenient text reuse. And just as the year before, we handed out plenty of candy :)
There was so much to talk about. If you would like to continue the discussion, or to ask just about anything relating to our translation services, please let us know at firstname.lastname@example.org.
idioma @ Automatica 2018 in Munich
Meanwhile in Munich, our European sales team attended the leading exhibition for smart automation and robotics – Automatica 2018 – an interesting exhibition with lots of companies, both big and small, most of whom are growing quite fast. This year it was the most international Automatica since its beginning, and indeed, we met with companies from all over Europe.
Would you like to know more about our translation services or discuss you translation needs in person? Please contact us at email@example.com, or meet us from 18th to 22nd September at AMB 2018 in Stuttgart!
Language facts: Thai
Thai, also called Siamese, is the official language of Thailand, a country in Southeast Asia with a population of 63 million people. However, only about 20 million of the people in Thailand are native speakers.
Thai is a tonal language. Different tones give different meaning, which makes it quite difficult to learn the language in the beginning. In spoken form, Thai is very similar and in fact mutually intelligible with Lao (the language of Laos). Both Thai and Lao belong to the Kra–Dai language family that covers dialects in the area of southern China, northeast of India and parts of Southeast Asia.
There are various dialects of Thai used in Thailand and while scholars and linguists consider these to be separate, albeit related languages, the native speakers tend to perceive it as one language with regional dialects.
‘Corruption’ in Thai vocabulary
Thai vocabulary consists of many foreign expressions, and paints a picture of historical development in the region. The Chinese influence, mainly until the 13th century when the Chinese script was replaced with Sanskrit and Pali scripts, caused there to be a good deal of words from Middle China. Trade relations with the West has also influenced the language considerably. Notably, basic trade-related and religious words were taken over from Portuguese, as that was also the first European nation to arrive in Thailand in the 16th century (words such as padre for a priest, carta for paper or real for a coin, etc.). English has become the most influential language since the 20th century, mainly when it comes to technical, scientific and modern society terms (such as computer, graph, government, technology, visa, taxi, diesel, and even corruption and wreath).
Alphabet includes tone forms
The Thai alphabets were first introduced in the 13th century by an ancient great king. Over time, the characters have changed in appearance. Today the language contains 44 consonants with 42 that are still in use, and 21 vowels in 32 combinations.
Thai words are often – although not always – composed of characters. That means in one single column, there may be up to three characters including consonant, vowel, and tone composed together.
When it comes to transcription of the Thai alphabet into Latin, there is no universally accepted method to follow, resulting in Thai words being transcripted differently. In fact, an ISO standard for Thai-Latin transcription exists since 2003 and is even used by Google Translate, but yet not very common in daily use (e.g. in textbooks or instructional texts).
For this reason, it is highly recommended to learn the Thai script in order to master the language itself.
ถ ท ธ น บ ป ผ ฝ พ ฟ ภ ม ย ร ล ว ศ ษ ส ห ฬ อ ฮ ก ข ฃ ค ฅ ฆ ง จ ฉ ช ซ ฌ ญ ฎ ฏ ฐ ฑ ฒ ณ ด ต
ะ ั า ํ ิ ่ ่ ่ ุ ู เ โ ใ ไ ็ อ ว ย ฤ ฤๅ ฦ ฦๅ
Tone forms: ่ ้ ๊ ๋
idioma @ the 29th Design Engineering & Manufacturing Solutions Expo (DMS) in Tokyo
DMS is Japan’s largest exhibition gathering all kinds of IT solution providers and attracting professionals looking to buy IT solutions for their business. This year, the number of exhibitors is expected to reach 2,600.
At our booth we are planning to exhibit our various translation services, latest trends in technical translation, and introduce our 3 international standards including ISO 18587 on post-editing of machine translation which was newly acquired last year.
If you plan to visit this exciting event, please feel free to contact us in advance at firstname.lastname@example.org to receive your entrance ticket.
Held inside Manufacturing World Japan 2018
Our booth: E26-40
Dates: June 20th (Wed) – 22nd(Fri), 2018 10:00 – 18:00 (last day until 17:00)
Venue: Tokyo Big Sight
We are looking forward to seeing you!
Language facts: Finnish
Finnish is a member of the Finno-Ugric language family (Uralic languages) and is closely related to Estonian and Saami (also known as Lapp). It is one of the two official languages in Finland (the other being Swedish) as well as one of the official EU languages. Additionally, it is used by Finnish-speaking minorities in Sweden and Estonia. The majority (more than 90%) of Finland’s population speaks Finnish, while the remainder speaks Swedish and Sami. Overall, Finnish is spoken by a little more than 5 million people.
Thanks to the existence of Nordic Language Convention, Finnish-speaking citizens can interact with governments and official bodies in other Nordic countries in their native language.
A language with a few relatives but many phonemes
Finnish is related also to some other of the few Uralic languages (such as Hungarian for example) in many aspects, including shared morphology, similar grammar, as well as basic vocabulary. The origin of Uralic languages is not entirely clear even today, but the most widely accepted theory is that this branch originated in the boreal forests around the Ural mountains and around the middle Volga river. Actually, Uralic languages, such as Finnish, are believed to be the proto-language of the area.
The Finnish language gained its official status no sooner than in 1863, after the rise of the Finnish nationalistic movement. The first Finnish writing system was, however, created already in the 16th century by a Finnish bishop Mikael Agricola, who wanted to translate the Bible, and thus needed to standardize the Finnish dialects into a comprehensive system. He failed to do so, as he wasn't able to unify the signs with different phonemes (the intent was for each phoneme to have a corresponding one letter). Later, Finnish actually lost several phonemes from the standardized language due to this unification.
In the Finnish alphabet, 'Å’ is carried over from the Swedish alphabet and is redundant in Finnish; it is merely retained for writing Finland-Swedish proper names.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V X Y Z Å Ä Ö
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v x y z å ä ö
We wish you a successful new year!
Our production center runs no matter what.
If you fight with end-of-the-year deadlines, our language factory is open for you even between the Christmas and New Year's festivities.
We will help you with last minute changes to your multilingual 2018 catalog or website and of course also with any express translation need.
Are you an LSP with a need to cover more volume or delicate language combinations? We can provide full LSP Back-office services for you.
Justgo to our e-shopthat runs 24/7.
Thank you for meeting idioma @ 27th JTF Translation Festival in Tokyo
We would like to thank everyone for visiting our booth at the JTF Translation Festival 2017 in Tokyo on November 29. idioma introduced its core ISO:17100, ISO:9001 and ISO:18587 certified translation services. We enjoyed meeting you and were happy to greet visitors, both new and old, some of whom we haven’t seen in a while.
Please do not hesitate to contact us at email@example.com if you have questions or would like further information.
idioma sponsoring Translators without borders in 2018
Tokyo/Prague, (November 7, 2017) – idioma, an international translation services provider based in Tokyo since 1980, is pleased to announce that it has once again pledged its support to help humanitarian translations reach more people around the world by becoming a bronze sponsor of Translators without Borders.
Translators without Borders (TWB) strives to provide people access to vital, often life-saving, information in their own language by connecting non-profit organizations with a community of professional translators, building local language translation capacity, and raising awareness of language barriers. The organization has responded to urgent crises by using its Words of Relief model, working with partners, to provide vital information in the appropriate languages to those affected by the European refugee crisis, the Ebola crisis and the Nepal earthquake.
Commenting on idioma’s decision to become a sponsor, Steen Carlsson, the managing director of idioma’s Production center, said:
“Having worked with languages all my life, in my job and privately, I know what the difference of even the most rudimentary translation can mean to a person unable to communicate. When those you communicate with do not understand what you say, or what you need, or why you behave the way you do, there is only despair. Translators without Borders is a concept we are happy to support and it is my sincere hope more people in need will benefit from their help.”
idioma is proud to be supporting Translators without Borders in this work.
More about Translators without Borders
Translators without Borders envisions a world where knowledge knows no language barriers. The US-based non-profit provides people access to vital knowledge in their language by partnering with humanitarian organizations. Originally founded in 1993 in France as Traducteurs sans Frontières (now its sister organization), Translators without Borders translates more than five million words per year. In 2012, the organization established a Healthcare Translator Training Center in Nairobi, Kenya. For more information and to volunteer or donate, please visit the TWB website or follow us on Twitter or Facebook.